What was the first altcoin?

I am aware that LiteCoin is (was?) The "gold" of the "gold" of bitcoin.

The question is:

What was the first altcoin? Was it LiteCoin or was there something else?

For the purposes of "alt coin"

  1. What was the first bitcoin fork?
  2. What was the first altcoin that more than, say, 10 people mined?