How to set up windows speech recognition macros on Windows 10?

I’ve read that in the past Windows offered Windows Speech Recognition Macros as a standalone program. However, currently, this only seems to be available through shady third party sites and I can find no definite information about its existence on the official website. The only thing available on my computer is the vanilla Windows Speech Recognition, which does not contain the option to create macros.

boot – My computer is not booting up after deleting Windows partition

I just turned on my TOSHIBA Satellite, when I noticed that my computer’s boot-up or start-up screen wasn’t showing up. I tried to guess and the first thing that hit me was that it may be some important partition which may have been responsible for the boot which I must have deleted. Is there a way to fix this? Maybe I can try changing the motherboard?

Note this is a TOSHIBA Satellite 7340/4730 I can’t remember.
OS I used to delete a partition : Linux Mint

usb – Transfering lot of images from device to windows

Hello Android Community.

I need to transfer something like 15.000 images from the internal memory of my Redmi Note 7 (Android 10) to my PC (Windows 10 46 bit).

I’m trying to transfer these using the (stock) USB cable, the problem is that it seems just impossible to complete the process as I ‘m having (in order):

  1. File not found error.
  2. Path not avaiable errors.
  3. Device not responding.
  4. Explorer.exe freezes.
  5. Other random errors.

My question is if there is another and less painful way to transfer these data (maybe using a linux virtual machine?).

I tried using even google drive but it does not show my photos even if they are under backup with google photo (maybe i’ll post a question about it).

Thank you.

Windows Server 2019 hacking case

A strange case occurred recently on our Windows Server 2019.

It runs some Hyper-V VMs,
Apache+PHP7 via mod_fcgid (as a service logged in as a restricted user www),
Nginx (as a service logged in as a restricted user www-front),
A nodejs server and stunnel (which was working as local system, it’s obviously a mistake, now corrected)

So the firewall was on with only necessary ports open to public.

One day I noticed that an extra Administrator account named ht was added and security log cleared.

From what I can tell from logs, it all started with a request to the file on an old legacy website. The whole site was ionCube encoded, except this file:

<?PHP
$current_memory = ini_get('memory_limit');
$current_memory = preg_replace('/D/', '', $current_memory);
if ($current_memory <= '512') { ini_set('memory_limit','1024M'); }

ini_set('max_execution_time','120');

phpinfo();
?>

Then, somehow this file was appended with code that saves uploaded file, though www user has no write permissions on this directory altogether. I even tried to append something myself as www and got “Access Denied”, as expected.

Something even more weird happens, local system disables the firewall

A Windows Defender Firewall setting in the Public profile has changed.
New Setting:
Type:   Enable Windows Defender Firewall
Value:  No
Modifying User: SYSTEM
Modifying Application:  C:WindowsSystem32netsh.exe

A new user gets created and added to admins group.
That user connects via RDP which is now available as the Firewall is down, makes a web shell under that website root directory (which was not writeable for the www user), makes a couple of requests to it, then does nothing more.

So the question is, how did he manage to do things using the Local System account? Could it be a vulnerability in stunnel? Any similar cases known?

Windows OS not showing up in msconfig boot options

I have a refurbished Dell Precision 7510, running Windows 10 Pro (Build 19042.867). Two days ago, Windows Update started failing at updating my OS and displayed the typical message “We couldn’t update windows, undoing changes” at start. I checked Windows Update options and I got a 0x800706be error. A quick google search showed that some registry files may have been corrupted in the previous update, so I decided to try and run windows in safe mode to uninstall the previous update and try to update form a older version of windows. To my surprise, my OS is not being displayed in the boot tab of msconfig. Here’s a screenshot of my msconfig window.

active directory – Windows AD OU Block (Read/List) Objects from other OU

I have a Root OU that has an OU called “Clients” and under I have multiple OU’s and the client’s PC’s/User Accounts in sub-OU’s.

The issue is, my clients can see other groups’ user accounts/computers and need to prevent this as if they’re on completely different machines and not under the same Domain. I am guessing I have to go make Deny rules for every single OU Group about every Client OU Group?

Currently, they can search AD for users and see other clients (not within a said company).

Any thoughts on how to do it and potentially with Powershell or just in general?

ubuntu – Setup Linux Samba to Authenticate all users without Windows throwing Security Alert

I’m trying to setup a Samba Share that authenticates users with any supplied set of credentials. Using the map to guest = ... functionality results in an error for newer Windows 10s You can't access this shared folder because your organization's security policies block unauthenticated guest access.

I thought maybe a PAM module could somehow solve that by mimicking a successful user authentication, no matter the credentials supplied.

Considered using username map to provide a wide variety of username + password variations, but the system user used for the username map can only have one distinct password. Also thought about instead adding an upstream ADDS LDAP server, but because the system is supposed to be a honeypot, I would like to keep it standalone. Any ideas?

Why are windows installation files so small in $Windows.~WS

So, I checked out $Windows.~WS to see what it was and googled it and found out it is windows installation files for downgrade/rollback, but the $Windows.~WSWindows folder is only 4gb, isn’t windows installation supposed to be 20 gig?

How do I Configure Ubuntu to Write to External SSD as Fast as Windows (Dual-Boot System)

The Windows boot can quickly write files to the external Samsung SSD T5 connected to usb 3.0.

The Ubuntu partition is SOOOOO much slower writing files to the same drive.

Relevant info;

Bus 009 Device 003: ID 04e8:61f5 Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd Portable SSD T5

description: USB controller
product: uPD720200 USB 3.0 Host Controller
vendor: NEC Corporation

i  exfat-fuse - read and write exFAT driver for FUSE
i  exfat-utils - utilities to create, check, label and dump exFAT filesystem

openssl certificate chain – windows

I have a ROOT_CA and a subCA. The subCA issued a certificate for a website (CUPS1.local). Moreover I have Windows clients; the ROOT_CA is already installed as Trusted Root Certification Authorities.

Validating the subCA works using openssl verify and also I can see it in Windows.

I can also verfiy the certificate for CUPS1.local in openssl via

openssl verify -CAfile /etc/certs/cacert.pem -untrusted subCA_websites.crt cups1.crt
cups1.crt: OK

Moreover, if I create a chain the certificate is also OK

cat /etc/certs/cacert.pem subCA_websites.crt > chain.pem
openssl verify -CAfile chain.pem cups1.crt
cups1.crt: OK

Now, I also want Windows to see these certificates as valid. And here is the problem:
Windows does not see the certificate chain:

without SUB_CA certificate

However, after installing the certificate of the subCA, the certificate for CUPS1.local is valid.

enter image description here

Hence, maybe I misunderstood some basics: Do I need to install the certificate of every subCA as Trusted Root Certification Authorities? Is there another way to implement the certificate chain into the certificate for CUPS1.local, such that I only need to install the ROOT_CA and not all the subCAs?

Short update:
Well, since the certificate was intended for a website (CUPS server) the chain works by combining:

cat cups1.crt subCA_websites.crt /etc/certs/cacert.pem > chain.crt

When I add this chain.crt to the CUPS server (and also the key-file), I can open the website without error message. I do not need to install the subCA certificate, only the ROOT_CA is fine.

Anyway, out of curiosity I would like to understand if windows can also somehow read the chain?