dnd 5e – "How to read the rules" – how did this change between editions?

It seems the role of the rulesone It was changed throughout the history of D&D.

For example, as this answer says, there was an explicit destination between "crunch" and "fluff" in the fourth edition:

a distinction between "ignorable fluff" and the "real rules"

Such separation is a prominent feature of 4e

Apart from this, were there other changes in how the rules were supposed to be interpreted between editions? I am mainly interested in the most popular "modern" editions, so narrowing down the question, How was the role of the rules changed in the fifth edition compared to 3.5e?

one: By "the role of the rules" I mean "how the rules should be used to run a game".

Create an NFC tag with contact information that can read the iPhone background tag scan

While several nfc tag scanning applications on iOS can read vcard encoded tags and successfully add contact information to the contacts application, it seems that Apple's background tag scanning (which is available on Xs and later iPhone) does not will read vcards. My question is, therefore, is there any way to encode an NFC tag so that it can be read by scanning in the background of iOS and loading a contact? Does Apple have a universal link, for example, that will load Contacts and associated data? Ideally, I would like something that also works on Android, but I will settle for something that would only work on iOS.

Recent saved files are not displayed in the / usb browser in read only

The Mac I have does not show paste on USB in read only, and also all files exported or saved using tools (XD, CS …), which are not found in the browser unless it is restarted or sent as a file Attached with another tool.
Mac Specifications:
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USB memory: read / write error, dd fails

I have a 256 GB pen drive, bought from a store of a legitimate and well-known distributor.

Since yesterday, the unit is no longer recognized:

  • Separate screens Input / output error while reading in / dev / sdc
  • btrfs check / dev / sdc sample No valid Btrfs found in / dev / sdc Error: Cannot open file system
  • dd if=/dev/zero of=/dev/sdc bs=1M works for a while But then, ctrl-c does not work. When you pull the pen drive, it finally stops and always shows something around 4 GB, for example 4565499904 bytes (4.6 GB, 4.3 GiB) copied, 18351.3 s, 249 kB / s – it doesn't matter how much time I leave dd to run.

  • fdisk /dev/sdc fail with fdisk: cannot open / dev / sdc: input / output error

  • badblocks -w /dev/sdc run and run and run and run … but when I stopped him (after a block count of about two billion) he said he had only written about 1.7 billion blocks

Is there anything else I can try? For example, leaving badblocks -w run until it stops alone?

Read the json URL with selenium c # and convert it into an Excel file

 public void TestMethod1()
        IWebDriver driver = new ChromeDriver();


This code will open the JSON URL, I am trying to save it in a CSV file

How to read only one line of file in C?

I am studying the file now, I just want to read a line from the file:

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I made this code, but read everything. I already tried using fscanf, fgetc, fgets, " n"; However I found no solution. Can you help me? I wanted the simplest way possible.


    FILE *p;
    if((p=fopen("votos.txt","r"))== NULL){
        printf("n Nao foi possivel abrir o arquivo");
    char c;
        c = fgetc(p);
        printf("%c", c);

ssh: read / var / log / secure sends traffic to an already closed SSHv2 connection

I wonder why that is.

My test server is running CentOS 7 and my SSH client is OpenSSH for Windows, which I am using from CMD.

When looking at packets with Wireshark, I see very well when the TCP link protocol is created and when TCP closes the connection. In the middle, the communication is executed encrypted with SSHv2.

Next, I read the file / var / log / secure using tail or push and I see SSH communication (not SSHv2). Every time I read the file / var / log / secure, about 3 encrypted packets are sent and 3 are returned to my client's IP.

What is in these packages?

I have read the transcripts! There is nothing there! Why do liberals think there is something there?

Yes, nothing except Trump asking for a favor and telling them to work with his PERSONAL lawyer while hanging foreign aid. Oh, and maybe you missed the part where it says: "[This] is not a literal transcript"

Now there are testimonies of people who heard the conversation and were involved with Ukraine who said unequivocally that it was quid pro quo.

shell – How to read a line from a file in stdin

I have several commands that I want to keep in a file so that I can then simply type the name of the file and then the shell command will be executed. Example: I have a favorite directory and I want to be able to access it through a command that I store in a file called gotoCLionProjectsCommand. I want this file to contain one (or more) commands of the following template:

cd ..;cd ..;cd ..;cd c/Users/Chend/CLionProjects/;

I just want to type the name of the file and then Shell will take me to the directory automatically.
I've been trying to save it as an .sh file or make it executable and then run it with these lines:

chmod +x gotoCLionProjectsCommand.sh

But it was in vain. Help anyone?