dnd 5e: Does the War Caster feat grant ranged spell attacks in melee range without debuff?

A opportunity attack It is described in this way (PHB, p. 195):

You can make an attack of opportunity when a hostile creature you can see moves out of range. To make the attack of opportunity, you use your reaction to make a melee attack against the creature it provokes.

The last benefit of War Launcher feat says (PHB, p. 170):

  • When a hostile creature's movement triggers an attack of opportunity, you can use your reaction to cast a spell on the creature, instead of making an attack of opportunity. The spell must have a cast time of 1 action and must target only that creature.

Without him Crossbow Expert feat, all ranged attacks (including ranged spell attacks) made when an enemy is adjacent suffer this penalty (PHB, p. 195):

You have a disadvantage on a ranged attack roll if you are within 5 feet of a hostile creature that can see you and is not incapacitated.

Since an attack of opportunity normally grants a melee attack, does it seem reasonable to assume that the target remains at melee range for the spell attack granted by War Caster? If so, does this require ranged spell attack rolls with disadvantage?

The trigger for an OA is a creature that moves "out of range". This suggests to me that the creature is outside the 5 & # 39; s debuff zone, but it seems like that would prevent melee attacks.

Do characters with the War Caster feat get the best of both worlds – are they allowed to perform a melee spell attack or ranged non-disadvantaged spell attack?

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Lens: is the focal range the only significant difference between the Canon EF-S 18-135 IS and Canon 18-200 IS?

As you have already found, they are more alike than different.

One of the most conclusive pieces of information about the comparison between the two can be found in the EF-S 18-135 lens review on the digital image:

While its focal length range is shorter than the 18-200, the 18-135 is less expensive and has similar or slightly better image quality in terms of sharpness and distortion.

I'd take a look at the reviews for both lenses to see which one would best suit their style and price range:

No one knows why Canon introduced both lenses in consecutive years 2008/2009. I guess the price difference is the main factor that many people are considering. The 18-200 costs around $ 600, and the 18-135 is around $ 350, making it a big difference for most people. You would consider which one fits your budget and buy accordingly.

This is a direct IQ comparison of both fully open 18mm lenses: the-digital-picture.com

As others have noted in the comments, other options may be better, like buying a 70-200mm f / 4 without IS, or maybe a 50mm f / 1.8. The options are endless, but I'll keep this answer just focusing on what you're specifically asking.


For me, the 18-135mm is a little bit better IQ at a lower price, so if I just looked at these two lenses, I would stick with the 18-135mm.

nginx: how to redirect depending on a range of IP addresses?

I am trying to make a site only accessible from the local network and people on the external network will get a static page that says some other message.

This is what I'm trying to do, but it doesn't seem to work. Where did I go wrong?

         if ($remote_addr != {
                   rewrite ^/* /covid19 last;

st.statistics – How to find the maximum likelihood estimate when the estimate value is outside the parameter range

Since X1, …, Xn are identically distributed independent Poisson (λ) variables, we know that the maximum likelihood estimator of λ = X̄.

Suppose X̄ = 2, and if λ can only take values ​​at (0,1), what is the maximum probability estimate of λ?

google apps script – TypeError: unable to read property & # 39; range & # 39; of undefined in onformsubmit (Code: 10: 17)

(! (trigger installed) (1)) (1) I get this error when I run:TypeError: Cannot read property 'range' of undefined at onformsubmit(Code:10:17)
I have installed the onformsubmit trigger but it doesn't work. What doesn't work here?

function onformsubmit(e) {
  var ss = SpreadsheetApp.getActiveSpreadsheet();

  var range = e.range;
  var row = range.getRow();
  var sheet = range.getSheet();

  sheet.getRange(row, 17).setFormula("=if($O"+row+"="UZS",index(googlefinance("currency:UZSUSD","price",$B"+row+"),2,2)*$P"+row+",if($O"+row+"="EUR",index(googlefinance("currency:EURUSD","price",$B"+row+"),2,2)*$P"+row+",$P"+row+"))");


  (1): https://i.stack.imgur.com/Awr4b.png

usa – What is the name of this mountain range in Colorado?

In Larkspur, Colorado, there is a place (at the beginning of the arrow on the map below) from which you can see a mountain range.


google maps

This is what the mountain range looks like:

Mountain range view

Street view

What are the names of this mountain range or some of the mountains visible there?

dnd 3.5e – How can I increase the range of unarmed hits (and only unarmed hits)?

The Bloodwind spell from the Spell Compendium is your friend.

In part, the spell is described as follows:

The subject can receive a full attack.
action to use all your natural weapons
or unarmed strikes as if they were
they threw weapons with a range of 20 feet
increase. The subject gestures as if
doing a melee attack but the result
of the attack affects a target within
rank. This spell doesn't really
grant scope ….

Limiting the action of a full attack action might upset some, but otherwise this might just be the ticket.

As a top-tier spell, it's quite profitable to turn it into a magic item at will.

You may want to pair it with some action that grants effects.

The good thing about this effect is that it can count both ranged and melee, if not in the same round, unless you use effects that grant additional actions, just like for the glaive.

Group by – cumulative postgresql counts in date range

I am trying to get the cumulative row count (by group_id) between two dates representing a time period when the row was active.

I have a table like this:

 group_id |   id   | type | start_date |  end_date
       33 | 119435 | AAA  | 2013-05-21 | 2014-05-19
       33 |  15144 | AAA  | 2013-05-21 | 2015-05-18
       33 |  29393 | AAA  | 2013-05-21 | 2016-05-23
       33 | 119437 | AAA  | 2013-05-21 | 2017-05-15
       33 |  62380 | AAA  | 2013-05-21 | 2099-12-31
       33 | 119436 | AAA  | 2013-05-21 | 2099-12-31
       33 |  27346 | AAA  | 2013-05-21 | 2099-12-31
       33 |  28529 | AAA  | 2014-05-20 | 2099-12-31
       33 | 221576 | AAA  | 2015-05-19 | 2099-12-31
       33 | 253893 | AAA  | 2016-05-24 | 2099-12-31
       33 | 251589 | AAA  | 2017-05-16 | 2099-12-31
       33 | 285245 | AAA  | 2019-01-24 | 2099-12-31
       34 | 253893 | AAA  | 2016-05-24 | 2099-12-31
       34 | 251589 | AAA  | 2017-05-16 | 2099-12-31
       34 | 285245 | AAA  | 2019-01-24 | 2099-12-31
       34 | 285246 | AAA  | 2019-05-31 | 2099-12-31

… and I need to get active counts for each of those date ranges like this:

 group_id | start_date |  end_date  | active
       33 | 2013-05-21 | 2014-05-19 |      7
       33 | 2013-05-21 | 2015-05-18 |      8
       33 | 2013-05-21 | 2016-05-23 |      9
       33 | 2013-05-21 | 2017-05-15 |     10
       33 | 2013-05-21 | 2099-12-31 |     12
       33 | 2013-05-21 | 2099-12-31 |     12
       33 | 2013-05-21 | 2099-12-31 |     12
       33 | 2014-05-20 | 2099-12-31 |     11
       33 | 2015-05-19 | 2099-12-31 |     10
       33 | 2016-05-24 | 2099-12-31 |      9
       33 | 2017-05-16 | 2099-12-31 |      8
       33 | 2019-01-24 | 2099-12-31 |      8
       34 | 2016-05-24 | 2099-12-31 |      1
       34 | 2017-05-16 | 2099-12-31 |      2
       34 | 2019-01-24 | 2099-12-31 |      3
       34 | 2019-05-31 | 2099-12-31 |      4

I have tried various combinations of LAG Y LEAD, with and without CTE, but a solution cannot be found.

Is there a way to do this in a single query? If it's not a single query, maybe a combination of queries in a UDF?

dnd 5e: If an enemy is just below a 10-foot ceiling, is it within the melee range of a creature on the ground?

We came across a Vampire Spawn in the 10-foot-high basement of an old church. The first blow was mine, after which the creature attacked my ally and retreated to the ceiling when the thunderous roar of my Booming Blade punished its retreat. Still inexperienced and unsure about my range, after a brief consultation with my mind, I decided to spend my turn switching to my trusty crossbow and do some distance.

However, this turned out to be a mistake, as right after, the creature was on my face trying to rip my eyes out. Due to my agility I managed to avoid his attacks. Regretting my previous choice to switch weapons, I was left with the options to switch weapons and lose another turn, attack at a disadvantage, or use my crossbow as a makeshift melee weapon and rely on the Booming Blade to hold the enemy in place after disconnecting.

Maybe I should have changed weapons, but I decided that 1d4 (makeshift weapon) + 1 (magic ring) + 1d8 (booming blade) was good enough. I got lost

On the plus side, it was the lightning bolt assisted by my crossbow sniper attack that ultimately killed the Vampire by piercing his heart.

In this situation, would it have been possible to simply attack upwards instead of switching to the crossbow?

In the session, this was something to be looked up later and decided against, but I haven't come across any rules about attacking in 3D.

At over 5 feet tall and my melee range considered 5 feet, I should have been able to reach the ceiling, not to mention the Vampire Spawn hanging from it.

As for the exact measurements (read this part only if you like to analyze things unnecessarily):

My character is 5 ft 6 in / 5.5 ft, giving an estimated 7 ft 4 in / 7.3 ft foot reach (for a human, my character is a Kenku), a short sword blade measures 12 to 20 inches / 1 to 1.6 feet. This should give me a height of 8.3 to 8.9 feet of foot statically.

When testing it in real life, my estimated and standing reach matches less than 0.2 inches from the estimate on site and I'm not afraid to reach my standing ceiling statically. As a test, I tried to move as if it was attacking my ceiling, and based on where my hand could feel touching the ceiling, my finger length and how far I was to reach my ceiling, I estimate approximately 0.4 feet of additional height. Considering that I'm taller than my character, let's say he gives 0.3 feet, which increases the height to 8.6 – 9.2 feet and that remains unchanged in the way you hold the sword handle. Also, just lying on the floor, my torso and legs are approximately 0.6 feet.

Since my Kenku is not a human, just a humanoid, it is impossible to estimate the length of the arm that influences the foot range, however, considering that birds generally have a high wingspan and long legs, I think it is It is reasonable to suppose that the arms should be as long, if not longer, than that of a human.

So that would require the Vampire Spawn to be flat against the ceiling with no part hanging more than 0.2 to 0.8 feet to be out of my reach. I consider it unlikely.

What are the actual rules for this type of scenario or how do you handle it in your group? Should I allow melee attack on an enemy on the roof or in the air?