dnd 5e – Would Shocking Grasp prevent the target from casting Absorb Elements?

Brief Summary

  1. A reaction can precede (and even erase) its trigger, (as in the Shield spell)
  2. A plain reading of Absorb Elements, shows it in effect when the triggering damage is received
  3. Both effects of Shocking Grasp occur at the same time
  4. The Absorb Elements reaction is in effect, before the target loses its ability to take reactions

Full Explanation

A Reaction can Precede its own Trigger

…as it does in the Shield spell:

CASTING TIME: 1 Reaction* | *- which you take when you are hit by an

… Until the start of your next turn, you have a +5 bonus to AC, including against the triggering attack

From the Casting Time, Shield can only be cast once the triggering event has already happened; yet the spell’s effect ends up preceding the (hit) trigger and can even prevent the trigger from existing, (the hit was actually a miss!)

Moving past Shield to a general analysis of reactions, you notice the Casting Time on reaction spells (e.g. Feather Fall, Counter Spell, Hellish Rebuke,) all read as if the spell is cast after the trigger. But since we know reaction effects can occur before the trigger, we must look at the spell text for reaction timing.

When does Absorb Elements take effect

CASTING TIME: 1 Reaction* | * – which you take when you take acid, cold, fire, lightning, or thunder damage

The spell captures some of the incoming energy, lessening its effect
on you and storing it for your next melee attack. You have resistance
to the triggering damage type until the start of your next turn.

As expected, the Casting Time reads as if casting occurs after the trigger is done, but the spell text in bold explicitly narrates the damage resistance (effects) of Absorb Elements, as already in place when the damage is received.

Another Q&A and a Crawford tweet confirm that Absorb Elements is intended to effect the triggering damage.

Shocking Grasp

… On a hit, the target takes 1d8 lightning damage, and it can’t take
reactions until the start of its next turn.

With no text or rule to separate them, both of Shocking Grasp’s effects occur at the same time. As such, any effect that occurs before the lightning damage (e.g. Absorb Elements), also occurs before the reaction debuff.

Absorb Elements is a defensive reaction spell that exists to trigger and reduce incoming elemental damage, before it is actually received. Since its effect precedes the damage from Shocking Grasp, it also precedes Shocking Grasp’s reaction debuff.

Tools to prevent VPS abuse?

I have a dedicated server that hosts client virtual servers using OpenVZ7 and Virtualizor…

Are there any specific tools that can be insta… | Read the rest of https://www.webhostingtalk.com/showthread.php?t=1835592&goto=newpost

sharepoint online – Need a help to figure out if there is a way to prevent MS Flow “Custom Responses – Wait for all responses” from sending notification to MS Teams

We have the following “Custom Responses – Wait for all responses” action inside MS Flow:-

enter image description here

Where we are attaching a file to the response email >> now the email which will be sent will contain the attachment which is fine >> but the notification which will be shown inside the MS Teams will not contain the attachment…

so i have the following 2 questions:-

  1. how we can attach the attachment to the notification which will be sent to MS Team?

  2. if point-1 can not be achieved >> then can we prevent the above “Custom Responses – Wait for all responses” from sending notification to MS Teams and only send a normal notification by email?


dnd 5e – Does Calm Emotions prevent you from becoming frightened/charmed for the whole duration after it was cast?

Calm Emotions is not instantaneous

Your position would make a lot of sense if this spell were Instantaneous (which means the magic takes effect in an instant, leaving behind a changed situation but the magic is already gone). But it’s not. It has a stated duration (Concentration, up to one minute).

The only part of the spell tied to ‘(when) a creature fails its saving throw’ is the immediate choice the caster makes between the two effects. Afterwards, the spell is an active effect that persists according to the usual rules. The target creature is subject to a lasting effect, which it entirely avoids on a successful save.

This being 5E D&D, the general principle is that spells do what they say they do. And the first possible effect is “suppress any effect causing a creature to be charmed or frightened”. The spell provides that such effects resume when Calm Emotion expires.

Importantly, it has no further restrictions on the kind of effects suppressed. Besides saying the effect must be causing Charmed or Frightened, it says “any effect”, full stop.

Contrast with the other effect the caster may select, which does so provide: several conditions will immediately end the hostile -> indifferent attitude adjustment.

So it seems to me that as long as a target is under the first effect, any Charm or Fear effects on them are suppressed. The precise timing of which effect happened when is irrelevant, as long as both of them are active at the same time.

dnd 5e – Does the spell Feather Fall prevent damage from falling down stairs?

Inspired by this Q&A: How to handle falling down stairs?

Feather fall says:

Choose up to five falling creatures within range. A falling creature’s rate of descent slows to 60 feet per round until the spell ends. If the creature lands before the spell ends, it takes no falling damage and can land on its feet, and the spell ends for that creature.

It has a casting time of 1 Reaction:

which you take when you or a creature within 60 feet of you falls.

In my answer to the above Q&A, I document three (stair) cases where the characters can fall down stairs and take damage.

From Tales from the Yawning Portal:

The eastern stairs are shrouded in dim light, which can’t be made brighter by any means. Any character who mounts the stairs falls down and rolls back onto the floor, taking 3 (1d6) bludgeoning damage.

From Rime of the Frostmaiden:

The stairs, which descend 90 feet to area G10, are slippery. The slippery ice is difficult terrain. When a creature moves on these stairs for the first time on a turn, it must succeed on a DC 10 Dexterity (Acrobatics) check or fall prone. If the check fails by 5 or more, the creature also tumbles 10 feet down the stairs and takes 3 (1d6) bludgeoning damage.

From Rise of Tiamat:

Steps are cut into the wall of the chute, creating steep, icy stairs that drop down 100 feet in a tight spiral. Because this entrance is seldom used, the steps become increasingly obscured by frost as the characters descend. At the 40-foot mark, a character must attempt a DC 12 Dexterity (Acrobatics) check to maintain a grip on the dangerously uneven footholds. Failure means the character loses his or her footing, sliding and tumbling 60 feet to the bottom and taking 21 (6d6) bludgeoning damage.

In the example from Yawning Portal the word “falls” is used to describe our descent of the stairs. In the latter two examples, the word “tumbles” and the phrase “sliding and tumbling” are used instead. As noted in my answer to the linked question, the module guidance for falling down stairs is very similar to the usual rules for falling.

Does feather fall work to prevent falling-down-stairs damage?

enter image description here

malware – WordPress reauth attacks? How to prevent

I am running a forward proxy filtering outbound requests for the following in order to catch potentially malicious requests from hacked WordPress sites:


Lately this has been preventing the following requests:


Is this some form of attack, and if so is there anything I can do to prevent it?

Incidentally, I could run the site under SSL – would that prevent this behaviour? I know it would prevent the proxy from seeing it though…

privacy – What technical challenges prevent non-centralized messaging apps from servicing billions of users?

The most popular messaging apps to date (e.g. telegram), even those that are “privacy by design” (e.g. signal, threema), are centralized.

What technical challenges prevent peer-to-peer (e.g. jami) or decentralized (e.g. blockchain) messaging apps from servicing billions of users?

sharepoint online – Prevent User with Read Permission to have access to site content and site usage

I have created a group and assign the Read permission to it. I modified the the Read permission to the below to prevent the site usage and site content access.

List Permissions:

  1. View Items
  2. Open Items

Site Permissions:

1.View Pages

2.Use Remote Interfaces


Now the permission work perfectly my users do not have access to site usage and content. But my navigation on my home page does not show up. Basically the navigation is just 3 links pointing to three views of the same list. I do get access to the list when i manually visit the list thought.

I am using modern pages and list. When i set the permission “VIew application pages” my navigation come back but then i get the issue of my users being able to access site usage and site content

google pixel – Prevent Android from changing language based on location

I’m on vacation in a different country on a trip that did not include knowing a new language.

It’s not everywhere but enough to be annoying. Latest, changing language of buttons on a Google Form that’s never seen the language during its creation or previous uses. Before that, suggested videos on YouTube are all in Spanish.

Pixel 5 Android 11

Apache: How to prevent access to folders via double slash on request uri

I have a website which is in git, so it has a .git folder. While I’ve configured Apache to not serve files/folders that start with a dot, Someone has been able to access files within the .git directory by using a double backslash at beginning of the request URI.

In other words, the following URL returns a forbidden 403 as it should:


But, if you use the following URL, it serves the file:


I’ve been unable to figure out a solution that prevents this without using the rewrite engine. I can do a rewrite if necessary, but is there a simpler configuration that would prevent this access? More importantly, I’d like to know why this happens. What causes Apache to bypass all the restrictions just by putting an extra slash in there?