dnd 5e – Can a Glamour bard maintain concentration on another spell while using Mantle of Majesty?

No, not without breaking concentration on Mantle of Majesty

Here is clarification from Xanathar’s Guide to Everything:


As soon as you start casting a spell or using a special ability that requires concentration, your concentration on another effect ends instantly.

Whilst Mantle of Majesty may not be a spell, it is a special ability which requires concentration, thusly casting a spell (or using another ability) that requires concentration causes your concentration to break.

The “(as if you were concentrating on a spell).” is an attempt at clarifying this.

Also, for added clarification from my own comment below this answer:

Mantle of Majesty is described as an ability: “At 6th level, you gain the ability to cloak yourself in a fey magic that makes others want to serve you.” Whilst its description doesn’t use the word special ability, PHB page 45 says this about classes: “Your class gives you a variety of special features, such as a fighter’s mastery of weapons and armor, and a wizard’s spells.” From this we can infer that Mantle of Majesty is a special ability.

Can a level 16 draconic sorcerer maintain their dragon wings (from the Dragon Wings bloodline spell) indefinitely?

A Draconic Sorcerer would have to recast Dragon Wings

The result is, as you note, that they will not immediately regain the Focus Point to re-cast it and the Wings will be “off” at least 1 round before they’re able to cast them again without spending a second Focus Point.

However, it is unclear whether combat affects the Sorcerer’s ability to regain their Focus Point spent after 10 minutes. This is actually built into the Exploration tag that Refocus uses. Emphasis added.

An activity with this trait takes more than a turn to use, and can usually be used only during exploration mode.

So, the usual result is that the Refocus is interrupted.

  • If cast in combat, the rest of combat adds to the time before the spell can be re-cast with the ‘same’ Focus Point
  • If they engage in combat after exploring with Refocus for 5 minutes, it will be another 10 minutes after that combat (approximately 15 since last casting Dragon Wings) before that Focus Point replenishes

However, a GM can rule that, because the Sorcerer’s blood is always doing its sorcerous recharging, the Sorcerer can continue to Refocus along side any other actions including Encounter actions/activities. The result of this would be a mere 1 turn difference between the end of one Dragon Wings and the ability to recast it with the same spell (and likely at that point hand-waving that they are on as long as they maintain 1 spent Focus Point).

This GM would rule that, as long as it didn’t adversely affect play, that they could maintain the wings as long as they had the Focus Point to do so. By level 16, this isn’t a game breaking advantage and would be a cool benefit for the player. I don’t see any Bloodline Focus spells that would be ‘too’ powerful if allowed to be used every 10 minutes regardless of combat. I would, however, inform the player that it is only a standing ruling and Paizo clarifying that Sorcerers could not do this (or player(s) attempting to ‘break the game’ using the ruling) could result in that changing.

pathfinder 2e – Can a level 16 draconic sorcerer maintain their dragon wings indefinitely?

Draconic sorcerers gain the focus spell Dragon Wings at 5th level:


When the spell is heightened to 8th level, “the duration increases to ten minutes.”

If a sorcerer has a focus point at time T, and expends it by casting Dragon Wings, then when do they regain that focus point?

From https://2e.aonprd.com/Bloodlines.aspx :

You refill your focus pool during your daily preparations, and you can
regain 1 Focus Point by spending 10 minutes using the Refocus
activity. Unlike other characters, you don’t need to do anything
specific to Refocus, as the power of the blood flowing through your
veins naturally replenishes your focus pool.

Does this imply that the sorcerer can’t maintain their wings indefinitely, as (presumably) they would cast the spell in combat, and thus would have some time (e.g. a couple of rounds) where they weren’t engaged in the Refocus activity? I.e. they would start refocusing at some time T + x, where x > 0, and they would only regain the Wings at T + x + 10m ?

I want to say this is correct, but I also like the notion of the sorcerer gaining those wings for as long as they reduce their focus pool by 1, to ‘keep it up’. But I’d appreciate your thoughts.

If I am concentrating on Spirit Guardians when I am True Polymorphed into a copper piece, can I continue to concentrate to maintain the spell?

When you become an object, do you keep the ability to concentrate on spells?

object oriented – When dealing with session level data in a web app, is it better to maintain a static store of that data, or pass it around as needed?

I have a web app that is capable of connecting to multiple databases that are identical in structure but contain different data; each of our clients who uses the app gets their own copy of the database to avoid commingling of different clients’ data. We determine which database to connect to by looking up the client’s ID in a master database.

That sounds like a pretty solid design – however I have a question about what we should do with the connection strings once we retrieve them. Right now most of the data access functions look something like this:

Public Function GetUsersByRole(ByVal roleID As Integer, ByVal connectionString As String) As SqlDataReader
    ' connect to database using connection string passed in
    ' execute query
    ' return results
End Function

And we call it like so:

Dim connstr = Session("DotNetConnectionString") ' this session variable is populated from the master database when you log in
Dim drAdmins As SqlDataReader = DBFunctions.GetUsersByRole(1, connstr)

However I think it would be cleaner to instead have a central location to retrieve the connection string, so we don’t have to keep retrieving it over and over again and passing it in every time we want to do a query:

Public Shared ReadOnly Property ConnectionString As String
        Return Session("DotNetConnectionString")
    End Get
End Property

Public Function GetUsersByRole(ByVal roleID As Integer) As SqlDataReader
    ' connect to database using connection string from shared property defined above
    ' execute query
    ' return results
End Function

Then all you have to do to call it is:

Dim drAdmins As SqlDataReader = DBFunctions.GetUsersByRole(1)

So much easier!

Does my approach make sense or should I leave things as is? (In general, I’m not changing the existing data access methods; I’m mostly just doing it this way when I create new ones. There are too many data access functions for changing them all to be worthwhile!) I can see one potential disadvantage: it’s now impossible to query any client database other than the current client’s database. But really, why would you want to?! That sounds like a really bad idea, or a huge mistake waiting to happen! 😉

dnd 5e – Can a barbarian maintain rage by attacking a creature that is not present?

Suppose a raging barbarian does not see any opponents on the battlefield but is attempting to maintain rage by attacking a hostile creature, according to the following:

Your rage lasts for 1 minute. It ends early if you are knocked unconscious or if your turn ends and you haven’t attacked a hostile creature since your last turn or taken damage since then.

If there was a successfully hidden opponent on the field, the barbarian would be permitted to attack it by guessing its location. Even if they were incorrect, that would be sufficient to maintain their rage.

But how far ‘off’ is the barbarian allowed to be in their guess and still have the attack count?

Suppose the successfully hidden opponent has actually left the field without the barbarian knowing.
Does the fact that the opponent is not actually there prevent the barbarian from making an attack on an unseen opponent?

If yes, and the rage ends, the player then gains information about the fact that the opponent is not present (which seems to go against the spirit of “If the target isn’t in the location you targeted, you automatically miss, but the DM typically just says that the attack missed, not whether you guessed the target’s location correctly.”)

If no, and the barbarian is allowed to attack an opponent that is not actually there based on the plausible belief that an opponent is present, then what prevents the barbarian from postulating an opponent who could be there? For example, the barbarian invokes an NPC that has successfully hidden against the party before – is it enough to maintain rage for the barbarian to say that they believe said NPC is present and Hidden and then attempt to attack them as an unseen opponent?

Somewhat related: A barbarian’s belief that they are attacking an opponent is apparently not sufficient to maintain rage if what they are attacking is an illusion. So attacking a not-creature that is there is not enough to maintain rage, but is it enough to attack an actual creature that is not there?

dnd 5e – Does the Monster Slayer ranger’s Supernatural Defense feature benefit Constitution saving throws you make to maintain concentration?

Supernatural Defense will not help with saving throws to maintain concentration

From the question “When must the wizard choose to overchannel?”, we know that if something says “When you cast a Wizard spell… that deals damage” it does not mean you wait to see if the spell deals damage; you decide to use Overchannel immediately when casting the spell.

Thus we must know whether a spell deals damage before its effects take place (otherwise how would we know what spells are eligible for Overchannel?); the only way to know this is the spell’s description. Therefore, a spell that doesn’t deal damage normally but happens to move a creature onto a damaging area does not suddenly count as “a spell that deals damage”. Whether such an area existed is outside of the spell’s control.
What is forcing you to take damage is not the spell, but the area of effect.

The Sorcerer’s Careful Spell Metamagic uses similar wording, stating:

When you cast a spell that forces other creatures to make a saving throw, you can protect some of those creatures from the spell’s full force…

Similarly then, we must know whether a spell forces a saving throw before its effects take place (otherwise how would we know what spells are eligible for Careful Spell); the only way to know this is the spell’s description. Therefore, a spell that doesn’t cause a saving throw normally but happens to damage a creature that is concentrating on a spell does not suddenly count as “a spell that forces a saving throw”. Whether the target was concentrating is outside of the spell’s control.
What is forcing you to make the saving throw is not the spell, but the damage.

This also prevents the unusual scenario of a Sorcerer using Careful Spell on a spell like firebolt. If the target were concentrating on a spell, and firebolt counted as forcing them to make a saving throw, then the Sorcerer could use Careful Spell but it would have no effect whatsoever. Though this isn’t necessarily disallowed, it is exceptionally odd and points towards saving throws to maintain concentration not counting as having been forced by the spell.

I don’t see any greater link between a spell happening to move a creature onto a damaging area and a spell happening to damage a creature that is concentrating on a spell (neither results are under the spell’s control as they rely on outside forces). So if a spell resulting in a saving throw to maintain concentration counted as “a spell that forces a saving throw” then a spell which moves a creature onto a damaging area would count as “a spell that deals damage”, which is almost certainly incorrect.

I believe that a spell only forces a creature to make a saving throw if the saving throw is part of the spell’s description, not if it just happens to result in a saving throw being made.

All of this argument extends to the Hunter feature:
A creature moving you onto a damaging area of effect would not count as them forcing you to take damage and a creature damaging you would not count as them forcing you to make a saving throw to maintain concentration. It was not in their control whether the damaging area exists or whether you are concentrating on a spell.

Ways to Maintain Business Agility In 2020 Post COVID-19

The continuous COVID-19 financial emergency is driving business pioneers worldwide to take fast activities to react to the pandemic and its impacts on their organizations. Business readiness, otherwise called hierarchical deftness, is the capacity of a business to be versatile, adaptable, and inventive through an evolving situation. The COVID-19 emergency has represented various difficulties for organizations. Numerous organizations are as of now monetarily affected and the worldwide economy is anticipated to be hit as much as $1 trillion as per the World Economic Forum. Maintain business Agilityty in 2020 is hard.

To beat every one of these weights, managers are getting sprier. At the point when the COVID-19 flare-up advanced into a pandemic, organizations took extraordinary measures to ensure workers without prior warning. Given that most organizations set aside a long effort to settle on a choice and afterward follow up on it, this was a frantic call for more noteworthy spryness without prior warning. The accentuation of readiness is – and will keep on being – in three regions: worker needs, client desires, and monetary vulnerability.
The progressing financial emergency has additionally influenced buyer conduct.

Most physical stores are shutting until additional notification and numerous organizations, for instance in the neighborliness or diversion segments, have “solidified” their administrations to regard the principles of social separating and self-disengagement.

Accordingly, a few organizations are offering computerized arrangements or are modifying their administrations. Some of them are moving their client service to on the web, with life informing as well as video-calling alternatives.

Others, for instance in retail or flexibly parts, have begun to extend and modify conveyance administrations to meet and adjust to client desires.

For more : https://karostartup.com/ways-to-maintain-business-agility-in-2020-post-covid-19/


architecture – How to maintain low latency when working with Personally identifiable information across country

The question is straight forward :

Personally identifiable information ( PII ) of an individual ( regardless of the persons citizenship) has to be on the countries server where an account is created due to compliance reason.

E.g: Your account information present on facebook, linkedin, paypal, global banks or Expedia has to reside on the country’s servers where it was created ( or where you are residing).

However this information has to be accessible at low latency in an all the countries for varied use case :

  1. individual (herself/himself ) is accessing the account outside the country .
  2. the enterprise may need the user information for auditing/ shortlisting or monitoring purpose.

How to achieve low latency in such case ? Is it even possible.

distributed computing – How to maintain data redundancy between python machines?

I have a data science application that loads a trained model into memory. The application is distributed on two machines that are called by means of load balancing.

The problem is that the model is updated from time to time and I want to maintain redundancy between the two machines so that the model is updated equally in the memory of the two machines at the same time so that there is no divergence of data between the two machines.