Inspired by this question, I'm curious about exactly what a "taste" is with respect to the effects of the Prestidigitation spell out. The relevant text of the spell is
- Cool, heat or season up to 1 cubic foot of non-living material
for 1 hour.
In general, changing the taste of something involves adding things: adding sugar to tea makes tea sweeter, adding pepper to potatoes makes them more spicy, and so on. Other cases of changing flavors involve changing the composition of a food itself: cooking a steak changes its flavor.
In any case, a single article of food or drink, if left without specific changes, will not exhibit differences in taste. Magic allows some direct ways to avoid this restriction (illusions create effects from applied magical energies, or alter a person's perceptions in such a way that they imagine different flavors), but Prestidigitation It is a transmutation spell, not an illusion spell.
Seems to continue using Prestidigitation To alter the taste of something, add mundane elements (even if by magic means), such as conjuring sugar properly dissolved in a cup of tea.
So my question, then, is to what extent you can use Prestidigitation To change the taste of something really change the composition of that thing in a meaningful way?
In the linked question, making swamp water taste like pina colada could make it taste like pineapple and cream. But if the taste were altered to be specifically a alcoholic Pina Colada (which should work specifically with this spell), could that altered taste be a consequence of the magic of ethanol in the swamp water that makes it Really alcoholic?
Or are there explicit limitations on the spell I am missing? Using flavor as a verb, as the description of the spell does, it does not necessarily mean "make food known I like something else ", which would open the doors to" other natural flavors ", inactive imitation flavors.
Magic can solve the problem of whether or not there is a chemical component that duplicates any given flavor but does not have effective properties other than that flavor, but that seems a strong limitation to read in the spell.
I am only interested in answers based on written rules, at least by analogy with other effects, even if that leaves the best answer as "the rules are not clear."