windows – Does a disk image include applications and can it be restored as a system image?

A disk image is a snapshot of the complete disk, containing all information, including some of which you might not be aware:

  • Boot partition: how the computer first starts
  • Active operating system partitions: usually, at east one partition for each OS, such as Windows and NTFS
  • Hidden Windows Restore partition: contains information to return to original state.

Example Main HDD Partitioning

Above is an example of all that would be saved in a disk image of a particular PC.

An image is an excellent safety-net, allowing you to restore everything, or to open the image in a browser and restore only what is needed.

A Windows System Image “is an exact copy of all system disks which can be used to restore your PC to the state it was in at the time the image was made. By default, a system image only includes the drives that Windows requires to run, including Windows 10 itself, your system settings, programs, and files.” This would not include other partitions, should you make the system dual boot.

My personal experience is that it is far faster, and far safer, to rely on a disk image made with a reputable tool such as Macrium Reflect Free or an alternative. These are dedicated to making, to displaying, to restoring and to verifying images, since they show just what is being retained. It surprises that it is faster to restore the entire C: drive, when needed, than to use Windows Restore.

If you make images on a regular basis on separate media, e.g. a removable disk drive, you have backup even if your HDD or SSD dies.

dnd 5e – Does the limitation on the Cave Fisher’s Filament action include the weight of carried equipment?

The target’s weight would be the total amount that the target weighs, which includes the equipment being carried in addition to it’s natural body weight, the same as it would for setting off a trap’s pressure trigger.

There’s no reason to believe that the target’s natural body weight (minus their equipment) is what that ability is referring to, since the ability’s wording doesn’t go into that sort of detail, it just mentions the target’s weight.

It also wouldn’t make any sense for the ability to allow the Cave Fisher to pull a small, light but very strong halfling carrying loads of stuff such that it’s total weight is above 200 pounds, but not be able to pull over a large, heavy dragonborn. Either it’s too heavy, or it’s not, so yes, we must assume that the weight being referred to includes the equipment that the target is carrying.

Should I include my markdown directly in my search index or should I convert it into plain text first?

I’m having a doubt concerning my website’s search index. I write my posts in Markdown and generate my website using Hugo statically. My doubt is whether I should include my post content as plain text, in my search index, or not.
I’d personally prefer to do it as plain text since it’s much easier for the readers, but I was provided with this counter-example which has left me doubtful.

Here’s an example of what I mean by plain and direct markdown:
This is plain text. vs `This is inserted directly`.

I’m asking this because I wanted to go with the web’s conventions rather than my own preferences.

8 – How should I include or inside ?

I’m trying to use a Google font, which requires adding either a <link> or <style> section inside the <head> per the below instructions. I am using a subtheme and can modify the section directly in html.html.twig, if that’s the right way to do it.

However, I noticed <head-placeholder>, <css-placeholder>, and <jss-placeholder> inside <head> and I am wondering if those are intended to be used to insert code from somewhere else.

What’s the best practice for adding to <head>?

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8 – How should I include / inside ?

I’m trying to use a Google font, which requires adding either a <link> or <style> section inside the <head> per the below instructions. I am using a subtheme and can modify the section directly in html.html.twig, if that’s the right way to do it.

However, I noticed <head-placeholder>, <css-placeholder>', and '<jss-placeholder> inside <head> and am wondering if those are intended to be used to insert code from somewhere else.

What’s the best practice for adding to <head>?

redirects – I have redirected my homepage to internal page. Should I include my homepage in the new sitemap?

Google says you should not include URLs in your sitemap that redirect. If you redirect your home page to a deep URL, you should only include that URL in the sitemap.

If you do include URLs in your sitemap that redirect, Google will show you the error “We found that some URLs redirect to other locations” in Google Search Console. See this question for more details.

The canonical URL for that page should be the deep URL as well. A canonical URL should not redirect.

Redirecting the home page is not best practice. The home page URL is always your simplest URL that is easiest to type. For those reasons it is good for users and usability.

Redirecting to put keywords in the URL for SEO isn’t likely to work. Google doesn’t seem to use words in the URL path as a ranking signal these days. At most they could help with the click through rate from the search results if somebody searches for those exact words. See Are keywords in URLs good SEO or needlessly redundant?

Twenty years ago, it used to be common to redirect to an internal URL from the home page because of technology limitations. On many web platforms, URLs had to reflect the technology that powered them. (Like all URLs must end with .asp.) These days with rewrite rules supported on all major servers, that just isn’t the case.

I’d recommend no redirecting your home page URL. If the keywords at that URL are important, I’d recommend creating a separate page about that topic and let your home page rank for your brand and domain terms.

Google Analytics – Filter query – include subfolder / subdirectory

I am using CYFE app to view my Google Analytics.

I’d like to filter only traffic coming to my ‘blog’ subfolder. So I need to filter only traffic that comes to domain.com/blog

CYFE is asking to input the filter in the following query example: ga:country==United States

I’m trying to look through GA filters and docs to see if I can find a filter query to include only blog subfolder, but I just can’t seem to find anything like it.

What should I be putting in in this case?

formulas – How can I include text from a cell within a COUNTIF function in Google Sheets?

I am using sheets to mark quiz responses. I am trying to display a 1 if the answer contains a certain string (therefore, is correct).

For example, COUNTIF(d2, “serbia“). So, if D2 contains this text, display a 1.

However, I want to get the text “serbia” (for example) from another cell. So a separate cell just contains “serbia” and I refer to that cell in the COUNTIF function.

So, if D2 contains the text from C19, display a 1.

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8 – How to include external libraries placed outside the webroot in a custom module?

I’d like to use an external library in my custom module. So, I added it as a dependency in the composer.json of my custom module.

Since the drupal/recommended-project template places the vendor/ directory outside the webroot, we can’t access it directly from the .libraries.yml file like this:

chosen:
  js:
    /vendor/harvesthq/chosen/chosen.jquery.min.js: {}

According to this Jaypan’s post, the solution for this issue is to use the Vendor Stream Wrapper module.
So, I added this module as a dependency, both in .info.yml and composer.json files of my module, following the example in the Jaypan’s post.
Then I updated my .libraries.yml file:

chosen:
  js:
    vendor://harvesthq/chosen/chosen.jquery.min.js: {}

However, the Chosen library is still not loaded (I mention that I cleared the cache) from what I see in my browser:

TypeError: $(...).chosen is not a function

Here is the dependencies declaration in the composer.json of my module:

"require": {
  "harvesthq/chosen": "^1.8",
  "drupal/vendor_stream_wrapper": "^1.3"
}

The dependency declaration in my .info.yml file:

dependencies:
  - vendor_stream_wrapper:vendor_stream_wrapper