Certificate Authority – Purpose of decryption and scanning of HTTPS traffic

Navigating to the following URL link from Mozilla Firefox and entering some link to the website and clicking on View, it shows the Certificate Viewer

chrome://pippki/content/exceptionDialog.xul

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After enabling Decrypt and analyze HTTPS traffic from the firewall rule, all clients cannot go to www because they do not have the CA SSL Certificate.

Then they have included the SecurityAppliance_SSL_CA (.pem format) and installed on client machines from Microsoft Management Console (MMC) that is, from the root of trust Certification Authorities > Certificates. Perform the import file * .pem

And it also included a specific private key for the uniquely identified static IP address that specifies the Descriptive Name to be SSIS master service

It is very clear that they are not using any proxy servers.

So my question is what is the purpose of doing this? And are our passwords decrypted on encrypted websites or store records?
Is there any way to avoid this?

google – Both Http and Https are displayed in SERP

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ssl: Gitlab pages show 503 when access control is enabled, access token recovery fails with http redirect message to https

I have Gitlab Omnibus (12.4.2-ee) configured in Ubuntu and I was trying to make Gitlab Pages work with access control enabled. It always returns a 503 after the Gitlab authentication page.
Using it with access control off works fine.

Gitlab and Gitlab Pages run on the same server with Gitlab at https://gitlab.example.com and pages at https://pages.example.com

I am using Apache to serve the sites and the Gitlab nginx is not enabled.

Both have SSL enabled and http requests will be redirected to https through a RewriteRule.

I tried turning on and off inplace_chroot and it doesn't seem to be the problem.

After a little research, what I found is that when Gitlab Pages tries to retrieve the token from https://gitlab.example.com/oauth/token, it receives the redirect response and stops there.

The error in gitlab-ctl tail show this:

{"error":"Post https://gitlab.example.com/oauth/token: Moved Permanently","host":"examplegroup.pages.example.com","level":"error","msg":"Fetching access token failed","path":"/auth","redirect_uri":"https://examplegroup.pages.example.com/example","state":"...","time":"2019-11-09T01:00:00Z"}

Making a POST curl at https://gitlab.example.com/oauth/token returns a json response that is different from what the Gitlab Pages Go server is receiving.

From /var/log/apache2/other_vhosts_access.log:

gitlab.example.com:80 46.137.245.184 - - (09/Nov/2019:01:00:00 +0000) "CONNECT gitlab.example.com:443 HTTP/1.1" 301 451 "-" "Go-http-client/1.1"

I assume that the Gitlab Pages program does not follow the 301 it was given?
Could this be the result of something configured incorrectly in Apache or with /etc/gitlab/gitlab.rb?

SEO: In Bing Webmaster Tools, how can I move an http site to https without losing the webmaster data?

They ask me to move the site to https instead of http in Bing Webmaster Tools. The site has been https for a long time, with 301 redirects already in place. In Google, we have both URLs, in the Bing Webmaster tools, it shows the http version. I read about the "Move Tool", and I'm not sure if it will work for this purpose. Bing Support has not responded after almost a week. I have read articles that say I have to delete the site and add it again, but won't that cause me to lose the data that Bing Webmaster Tools has on the site? What other adverse effects could it have? This is worth it?

https: automatically channels the developer tool console output from a browser in the background

Essentially, a requirement to use computational algebra software in which I am competent to perform the analysis of the data I collect in other programs is that such data is collected in a text file or csv format.

So, of course, this is not a problem at all based on the command line, for example, I collect data in one of my machine's DNS cache simply through a .bat file that channels the output of a command in cmd .exe to a .txt, open my CAS program, which loads a database and reads that .txt file, adds its data to the data already collected and updates the statistics that I have specified.

However, I have always wanted to do this for the output of the Developer Tools interface for any browser, is this possible?

I am getting acquainted with a Linux operating system and would appreciate suggestions for any operating system.

https: Tomcat 7 starts my port with SSL security without errors, but it is not yet publicly accessible. How do I debug this?

In my work I have been entrusted with the task of securing a website (http -> https)
I'm new to this, so forgive me if my terminology is incorrect.

I spent last week configuring the Tomcat key stores and configuring the Tomcat server.xml for SSL to work, and I finally got it to the point where it tells me this:

Nov 04, 2019 9:48:23 PM org.apache.coyote.AbstractProtocol start
INFO: Starting ProtocolHandler ("http-nio-8443")
Nov 04, 2019 9:48:23 PM org.apache.coyote.AbstractProtocol start
INFO: Starting ProtocolHandler ("ajp-bio-8009")

8009 is my http port, which works fine.
8443 is my https port. From this exit, it seems that it should also be fine.
However, when I try to connect to my website using the https URL, the timeout period expires. I cannot find any record, error or anything related to this problem.

Things I have tried:

  • Open port 8443 (and 8000) in iptables
  • Test the url / port on the server using curl -il https://my.website.name:8443what catches me
HTTP/1.1 200 OK 
Server: Apache-Coyote/1.1 ...
  • Tunneling to the Tomcat 8000 debug port using PuTTY, then debugging the local version of that port in IntelliJ. All IntelliJ tells me is "Error … Connection reestablishment".
  • Redo all of the above with several random ports

My local machine is running Windows, but the website is on a Tomcat 7 server on a Scientific Linux machine that I can only access through SSH, which further complicates matters.

What else can I watch? Is there anything I should read? A record that I should look at? Most likely, I can debug the problem myself if I vaguely knew what the problem was, but I don't know where to look.

tls – How does a country block / censor an encrypted website (HTTPS)?

TL; DR: TLS only ensures the content of a message. No metadata

When communicating through the clear network, it is important to remember that there are some parts of a particular communication that cannot be secured using standard technologies. Unless you use something like TOR, your ISP can determine who you are talking to, even if you are using TLS.

To use an analogy, imagine sending an envelope through the postal service. The content of the envelope is completely inaccessible to anyone other than the recipient. Even if a mailman saw the content in some way, he would not be able to understand it (perhaps he first found it through a César encryption? Hehe).

However, for the postal service to send it to the correct address, the outside of the envelope must be marked with a clearly legible representation of the destination address. If the postal service did not want anyone to send letters to "Joe Schmoe, 123 Fake Street", they simply could not deliver any letter with that address.

Since the postal service cannot read the content of the message, it has no way of identifying the intention of the letter. The only information they have is the fact that the intended recipient is Joe Schmoe. They cannot filter only the letters they consider malicious; It is all or nothing.

Similarly, the IP protocol (the routing protocol that TCP executes over) has clearly marked the "sender" and "receiver" fields. TLS cannot encrypt this for two reasons:

  • TLS runs over TCP / IP and, therefore, cannot modify parts of the packets that belong to those protocols.
  • If the IP section was encrypted, then the operator service (ISP routers) could not identify where the packets should go.

The firewall through which your ISP or country is forcing all your traffic cannot inspect TLS traffic. They only know the metadata provided by the TCP / IP protocol. They have also considered that the site you want to access is more bad than good, so they eliminate all traffic to and from the site, regardless of the content.

There is a method to protect even metadata from online communications, but it is slow and not scalable. TOR's hidden services are an attempt to implement this. Of course, hidden services only work within the TOR network, which can only be accessed by first connecting to a machine through the clear network. This means that the ISP or the firewall still knows that you are sending data through the onion. No matter how you try, you will always leak Some metadata If they wanted, they could reestablish all connections to TOR nodes in addition to the site they are currently blocking.

If you are trying to establish a direct connection to a specific IP through a firewall, and the firewall has explicit rules to eliminate any traffic to or from that given IP, then connecting to that IP directly will always be unsuccessful. You will have to connect indirectly, either through TOR, a VPN or some other proxy service.

Can DNS be broken over HTTPS through reverse DNS lookups? [duplicate]

This question already has an answer here:

  • How does DoH protect against ISP tracking?

    1 answer

  • Why use DNS over TLS / HTTPS if the ISP can find the target domain by other means?

    2 answers

If someone can see the recipient's IP address in an HTTPS request, what will prevent ISPs from analyzing the packet, reverse the DNS lookup on the IP and block access to the domain that the client tries to reach. Is this possible and, if so, how much would slow traffic?

This is a follow-up question to Will HTTPS expose the receiver's IP address?

Applications – Link Protocol Error in Volley https

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How do I activate full https in my blog with custom domain in Blogger?

put on hold as it is not clear what you are asking for John Count 2 days ago

Clarify your specific problem or add additional details to highlight exactly what you need. As it is currently written, it is difficult to know exactly what you are asking. See the How to ask page for help clarifying this question. If this question can be rephrased to conform to the rules of the help center, edit it.