lxqt – PCManFM-Qt is not default file manager in Lubuntu 20.04 LTS

pcmanfm-qt works fine, but when I want to lunch “open this folder” in digikam (and others), doublecmd-qt app is runinng instead of pcmanfm. I spend many hours trying to fix this problem. Reinstall package pcmanfm-qt does not solve this problem.

LxQt seems to have no place when I can choose default file manager.

file system – Fishy password management


When it comes to security I like to don a tin foil hat.
As such I use the, off-line password manager, Keepass.
Keepass allows you to to use multi-factor authentication via; a password, a keyfile and the Windows user account.
I enabled only two of these, the password and the keyfile.
Because I have two computers that need access to the keyfile I’ve stored it on a USB stick.

On Windows everything is fine, I plug the USB in, I open the database, I eject the USB from the tray, remove USB and I can use the passwords I need. This in all takes two seconds.


However on Linux this feels like a whole song and dance. Consisting of something similar to the following:

# Plug in USB
sudo mount /dev/usb1 /path/to/folder
keypass &
sudo umount /dev/usb1
udisksctl power-off -b /dev/usb
# Remove USB

Whilst this in theory isn’t much different than Windows, it’s just an added mount and unmount.
Having to check lsblk and type all of that just to get a password is inconvenient.
And so I decided to script this away, it’s just ~6 commands, how hard can it be?

Fishy Solution

I’m a beginner with fish, I’ve not used functions or lists before.
And the only time I’ve set something was to update my path.
I’m such a noob that I tried to return ("" "") to return a list… 🤦
However I have some experience in other, non-shell, languages and feel I’ve picked it up ok.

  • pdev – finds a partition’s UUID, pkname, block path and mountpoint all from the UUID.
    If a device with a matching UUID is not found then it will continuously inform the user and attempt to reacquire the data.

  • pmount – This takes four positional arguments for the partition; UUID, target mountpoint, block path, current mountpoint.

    • If the partition has a current mountpoint it will fail if this is not the target mountpoint.
    • Otherwise, if the block path is a value then it will mount the partition to the target path.
    • Finally if neither of these are true it does nothing.
  • umount_all – This is given a pkname and unmounts all partitions of the drive.
    Whilst it’s unlikely that that the drive will have multiple partitions, and it’s even more unlikely that they’ll be mounted.
    I would prefer to err on the side of caution.

  • load_passwords – This is effectively the ‘main’ function. It takes a UUID and a target path. From here it:

    1. Get the mount information from pdev.
    2. Get the drive’s path. (This would be /dev/usb rather than /dev/usb1)
      This uses lsblk as simply cutting off the last number wouldn’t work on some storage devices. (I.e. nvme0n1p1)
    3. Display the partition’s information, the block path, highlighting the drive’s path, and the current mountpoint.
    4. Attempt to mount the drive using pmount.
    5. Open keypass.
    6. Ask the user if they wish to eject the drive.
    7. Exit successfully if the user does not wish to eject the drive.
    8. Unmount all the partitions on the drive with umount_all.
    9. Power off the drive.
    10. Verify the device has been powered off successfully.
  • passwords – A convenience function to pass the UUID and mountpoint that I use.

function pdev
    while true
        set mounts (lsblk -l -o UUID,PKNAME,PATH,MOUNTPOINT | grep "^$argv(1) " | grep -Po "(^ )+")
        if set -q mounts(1)
        read -P "Insert key drive "
    for mount in $mounts
        echo $mount

function pmount
    if set -q argv(4)
        if test $argv(4) != $argv(2)
            echo "Mounted to wrong directory"
            return 1
    else if set -q argv(3)
        sudo mount UUID=$argv(1) $argv(2)

function umount_all
    set blocks (lsblk -l -o PKNAME,PATH,MOUNTPOINT | grep "^$argv(1) ")
    for block_ in $blocks
        set block (echo "$block_" | grep -Po "/(^ )+")
        if set -q block(2)
            sudo umount "$block(1)"

function load_passwords
    set mounts (pdev $argv(1))
    if test $status != 0
        return 1
    set drive (lsblk -o NAME,PATH | grep "^$mounts(2) " | grep -Po "/(^ )+")
    echo "PATH : $mounts(3)" | grep "$drive"
    echo "MOUNT: $mounts(4)"
    pmount $argv(1) $argv(2) $mounts(3) $mounts(4)
    if test $status != 0
        return 1
    keepass &
    read -P "Eject drive? (Y/n) " -l input
    echo "$input" | grep -Poi "(^$)|(^y)" >> /dev/null
if test $status = 1
umount_all "$mounts(2)"
udisksctl power-off -b $drive
lsblk -o UUID | grep "^$argv(1)$" >> /dev/null
    if test $status = 1
    echo "Failed to power off drive"
    return 1

function passwords
    load_passwords {redacted} /path/to/mountpoint

Note: Code Review has mangled my code. The code between the two /dev/nulls should be indented to match the rest of the function.


  • If not a fan of using a for loop to echo each value in a list to ‘return’ a list.
    Is there a cleaner way to do this?

    for mount in $mounts
        echo $mount
  • I’m not a fan of names like $argv(1) rather than $uuid as they make the code harder to understand. Is there a clean way to specify these?

  • The code feels unreadable, it’s why I’ve written such a thorough description here.
    I can see myself forgetting all this nuance and coming back to this in a year and go, which idiot wrote this?! 😡

  • I’m not a fan of having all the functions be public, pmount should probably be private.

  • I’m not a fan of needing sudo when I have access to /path/to/mountpoint. There’s a certain irony to needing to enter two passwords to get one…

  • I feel the code is just kinda messy and not great.

I am also happy for any other comments on my code.

Having issue with Google Cloud function deploying with java 11 and zipped in a .zip file

yyy:google-cloud-sdk xxx$ gcloud functions deploy function-1 --entry-point com.xxx.cloud.functions.retrieveFun.RetrieveFunInfo --runtime java11 --trigger-topic=retrieve_fun_info --stage-bucket=b2b_testing_user1 --source=/Users/Shared/Github/RetrieveFunInfo --allow-unauthenticated
ERROR: (gcloud.functions.deploy) 403 Could not upload file (/var/folders/7l/tqmht9193c93rt98qvbcvbvc0000gn/T/tmptof60y1z/fun.zip) to (b2b_testing_user1/us-central1-projects/hd-cust-account-dev/locations/us-central1/functions/function-1-dgescgiepvgs.zip): user1@xxx.com does not have storage.objects.create access to the Google Cloud Storage object.

How to make an event repeat on the Wednesday following the 3rd Monday of every month in Google Calendar or ical file format?

Is this possible to do in Google Calendar or .ical format?

I’ve explored RRULE options at this site http://jakubroztocil.github.io/rrule/#/rfc/FREQ=MONTHLY;WKST=MO;BYDAY=MO,TU,WE,TH,FR;BYSETPOS=-3

How to change file types in Google Drive?

I have 2 files in My Drive with ipynb extension.
One is marked as Unknown file type and has a blue icon, and the other is marked as Colaboratory type.

How do I change both to be Colaboratory?


email – Can’t find Word doc I was working on within Outlook, but it was opened as an “eml” file after download from Gmail?

I was looking at an email in Gmail and wanted to open it up separately. I ended up clicking download, which downloaded an eml file and when I clicked on it, it opened in Outlook.

I opened the Word doc attached within the email and worked on it, while clicking save every 15 minutes or so.

Once I finished, I closed the doc after saving one last time, and then closed the email. However, the document is nowhere to be found on my computer.

Any chance at all that it is retrievable or did I just learn a lesson?

file system – Android lock screen bug

I accidentally removed my system files. When I’m on adb connection.

And lock screen stopped the working right.

The issue is that,
I have a lock pin/pattern/password, but system says It’s not correct password.
I changed my password with removing password files from system, and setted a new password. But error was same, “incorrect password”.
I tried to change my rom but It didn’t helped.
And after change rom, abd and twrp broke too, because the password issue.
Also I can’t add custom ssl certificates, because the password.

What should I do to repair my system files?

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sharepoint online – How can we permanently delete the file using Microsoft flow?

You can delete the file(s) permanently using REST API “HTTP DELETE”.

        url: _spPageContextInfo.webAbsoluteUrl + "/_api/web/getfilebyserverrelativeurl('/Shared%20Documents')",  
        type: "POST",  
        contentType: "application/json;odata=verbose",  
        headers: {  
            "Accept": "application/json;odata=verbose",  
            "X-RequestDigest": $("#__REQUESTDIGEST").val(),  
            "IF-MATCH": "*",  
            "X-HTTP-Method": "DELETE",  
        success: function(data) {  
        error: function(data) {  

You can send the items to the Recycle Bin by adding “/recycle()” to the API URL.

A successful Delete returns no data. A successful recycle() returns the GUID for the recycled item.