Your question is relevant, but for the most part it does not have a definitive answer in any way. Nothing is everlasting: the records may change and the eligibility rules may change. The policies regarding infringement of disputes and trademarks may also change.
First you must divide the world between the gTLDs versus the ccTLDs and make sure to take into account perimeter cases, such as
.co that are administratively ccTLD but that are executed and commercialized as gTLD.
All gTLDs are governed by ICANN rules and policies. You can see the list of these policies at: https://www.icann.org/resources/pages/dns-2014-03-19-en
Among those with the UDRP (and URS for newer gTLDs) that basically provides a first step out of the court mechanism for trademark owners to dispute some domain names.
This is mostly stable for now, the specific points in the policy to define if a domain is infringing a trademark have not changed. Of course, this is in addition to any procedure before a court, which can occur in any TLD.
With the UDRP it also happens that there are "reverse sequestration" attempts: entities that claim to have a registered trademark, which in fact was registered after the domain name in an attempt to recover the domain name. Sometimes this is seen, sometimes not. Take a look at http://www.circleid.com/posts/20161020_understanding_reverse_domain_name_hijacking_under_udrp/ to see examples of this.
Often, gTLDs are more open than ccTLDs: ccTLDs often impose restrictions on who can apply for a domain name based (typically) on the applicant's citizenship or place of residence (which must be within the country related to it). the ccTLD, or the relevant surroundings). target level, such as the European Union for European ccTLDs).
Technically, any ccTLD could change its restrictions. It happened in the past, but more often it is lifting the restrictions so as not to add more.
The gTLDs can also change their eligibility rules, but they should only go through some ICANN procedures.
It also has TLDs that went bankrupt and stopped to operate. Some, especially gTLDs, are covered by "backup operators" so that existing domains do not suddenly disappear, however, a TLD failure can happen and some predict that it will happen more and more in the waves of many new and new TLDs. futures.
Another important point that is often forgotten completely: depending on the TLD you use, it can be under different national laws.
For gTLDs, at least it can always depend on US laws. UU (Because ICANN at the end of the day is a U.S. entity.) But then you must take into account the jurisdiction of the registry and the jurisdiction of the registrar!
If you buy a
.CAT for example, a domain name (technically a gTLD), through a Canadian registrar where you can depend on:
– The laws of EE. UU They are due to ICANN and they are a gTLD.
– Spanish laws because .CAT is administered by a Spanish entity
– Canadian laws because you are using a Canadian registrar.
And your own nationality can add its own laws.
They were added together, which can create a difficult mix of trademark rules, as their treatments are not uniform. For example, the priorities between the rights to names for individuals and trademarks are not the same everywhere. As for celebrities.
milka.fr case that showed at least in France that trademark rights are "higher" than the rights of personal names.
It is often not well known (for example, if you register a
.COM people do not necessarily understand that they will depend on all US laws. UU., Including things like DMCA, for example) and they are not very clear because in the best case it is added in the contract by reference (like the registrar that says that it depends on the jurisdiction X and the disputes will be resolved in court Z of place Y, but by reference it includes the registry agreement that may have similar clauses and if the registry is for a gTLD, then it includes by reference its own contract with ICANN).
Therefore, for a comprehensive overview you may need to handle this as well.
- carefully read the registration rules on eligibility for the given TLDs that interest you
- "I'm always sure to keep the domain name whenever I renew it on time": technically never, because if you read all the contracts you will often find fine footprints like "the registry can revoke any domain name at any time and for any reason, as security, etc. "(it is written less clearly than that, but the effects are the same). Also look at the registrar contracts, since (almost) never deal directly with a registry, and in the past there are registrars who abandon a client for any reason, such as the bad press attracted by some websites.
- If you are not openly infringing a trademark at the time of registration, it should be fine, if you pay on time and if nothing changes, but this will never be a 100% guarantee.