backup – What is a good way to log `rsync` launched through a `crontab`?

Because Time Machine always makes it so complicated to inherit backups—and to select the inclusion list rather than the exclusion list—I’ve always liked to keep a straight-forward rsync backup, despite keeping two Time Capsule and two wired-disk Time Machine backups.

But running rsync through an hourly cron job also makes me wonder whether it’s all progressing nicely. After a recent upgrade to Catalina, for example, I needed to enable “Full Disk Access” for /usr/bin/rsync before the backups could proceed normally.

What is a good way to log rsync launched through a crontab? Would you choose email? That seems heavy-handed. Can you suggest a serious yet less-in-one’s-face method?

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block – Is every copy of the blockchain the same? If I have an error within file should I be able to copy this file from a backup and reindex chainstate?

I recently moved the first 2000 files of my blockchain from the SSD to a HDD. The HDD gets mounted in /mnt/ext.

I tried a bitcoind -reindex-chainstate to be sure everything still works but now it is giving an error:

2020-11-26T12:52:24Z ERROR: ReadBlockFromDisk(CBlock&, CBlockIndex*): GetHash() doesn't match index for CBlockIndex(pprev=0x44288c0, nHeight=255, merkle=4309bfeed77a70f309da08bcf8948906b9cc26120c0b0ef86e0ac67284bbd79e, hashBlock=00000000d0a75c861fabf9ff7b92022f60e4afeed9331fe5aa073d8e4706fe3c) at FlatFilePos(nFile=0, nPos=58808)
2020-11-26T12:52:24Z *** Failed to read block

Now I have several questions. I think nFile=0 means that the block is in blk00000.dat and rev00000.dat. Am I right?

So I copied this file again from a backup of the blockchain. This is from a second node. But I would suspect the files are the same, right?

But I get the exact same error at the same position – even with a new -reindex-chainstate.

I can see in the log that all blocks up until number 254 get indexed but each time it fails on block with height 255.

I think those old files contain always the same blocks. How can it be 254 blocks are correct but it fails on the next one?

Could this simply be a problem of the mount?

backup – Maximum Error Count Reach (SQL 2016)

I hope someone from the database administrators community can answer my question. although I tried to search on the issues here, but couldn’t find a exact response so create a new question.

I created maintenance plan to backup all the databases locally on a folder in E Drive. Out of no where, the job is failing occasionally. sometime the job run successfully and sometime sends an error. The point of confusion is that even though the we receive an error that the job failed, i can see the latest .bak files in the directory. I even restored those db’s and the data within the tables are synced. This happens in 7/10 errors. sometimes, there is only backup of master, model and user db and sometimes we have all the databases backed up even on failure.

Below is the error:


Executed as user: WIN-N81LQ9R0SAAlocaladmin . Microsoft (R) SQL Server Execute Package Utility Version 13.0.5830.85 for 64-bit Copyright (C) 2016 Microsoft. All rights reserved. Started: 3:53:00 PM Progress: 2020-11-18 15:53:01.44 Source: {F019CE0D-91E8-4CA8-9CCD-F5B3BB69E1D4} Executing query “DECLARE @Guid UNIQUEIDENTIFIER EXECUTE msdb..sp…”.: 100% complete End Progress Progress: 2020-11-18 15:53:01.77 Source: Maintenance Cleanup Task Executing query “EXECUTE master.dbo.xp_delete_file 0,N’E:DatabaseB…”.: 100% complete End Progress Progress: 2020-11-18 15:53:01.91 Source: Back Up Database Task Executing query “BACKUP DATABASE (master) TO DISK = N’E:DatabaseB…”.: 50% complete End Progress Progress: 2020-11-18 15:53:01.97 Source: Back Up Database Task Executing query “declare @backupSetId as int select @backupSetId =…”.: 100% complete End Progress Progress: 2020-11-18 15:53:02.08 Source: Back Up Database Task Executing query “BACKUP DATABASE (model) TO DISK = N’E:DatabaseBa…”.: 50% complete End Progress Progress: 2020-11-18 15:53:02.13 Source: Back Up Database Task Executing query “declare @backupSetId as int select @backupSetId =…”.: 100% complete End Progress Progress: 2020-11-18 15:53:02.37 Source: Back Up Database Task Executing query “BACKUP DATABASE (msdb) TO DISK = N’E:DatabaseBac…”.: 50% complete End Progress Progress: 2020-11-18 15:53:02.56 Source: Back Up Database Task Executing query “declare @backupSetId as int select @backupSetId =…”.: 100% complete End Progress Progress: 2020-11-18 15:53:02.76 Source: Back Up Database Task Executing query “BACKUP DATABASE (xyz) TO DISK…”.: 50% complete End Progress Progress: 2020-11-18 15:53:02.89 Source: Back Up Database Task Executing query “declare @backupSetId as int select @backupSetId =…”.: 100% complete End Progress Progress: 2020-11-18 15:53:14.53 Source: Back Up Database Task Executing query “BACKUP DATABASE (abc) TO DISK = N’E:D…”.: 50% complete End Progress Error: 2020-11-18 15:53:17.54 Code: 0xC002F210 Source: Back Up Database Task Execute SQL Task Description: Executing the query “declare @backupSetId as int select @backupSetId =…” failed with the following error: “A transport-level error has occurred when receiving results from the server. (provider: TCP Provider, error: 0 – The network connection was aborted by the local system.)”. Possible failure reasons: Problems with the query, “ResultSet” property not set correctly, parameters not set correctly, or connection not established correctly. End Error Warning: 2020-11-18 15:53:17.54 Code: 0x80019002 Source: Subplan_1 Description: SSIS Warning Code DTS_W_MAXIMUMERRORCOUNTREACHED. The Execution method succeeded, but the number of errors raised (1) reached the maximum allowed (1); resulting in failure. This occurs when the number of errors reaches the number specified in MaximumErrorCount. Change the MaximumErrorCount or fix the errors. End Warning DTExec: The package execution returned DTSER_FAILURE (1). Started: 3:53:00 PM Finished: 3:53:17 PM Elapsed: 16.875 seconds. The package execution failed. The step failed.

Can someone please explain this strange behavior and help us resolving this issue?



Google Backup & Sync not launching

I am not sure if it has to do with the recent upgrade to Big Sur but launching Google Backup & Sync doesn’t make it show up with its icon in the menu bar.

Anyone else with a similar problem?

How can I debug this further?

sql server – .LDF File Size will not stop growing despite Transaction Log Backup schedule

Preface this with the following: I am not a DBA. I see this is a fairly common issue, but everything points back to the transaction log backups. I’ve been tasked with something well outside my wheelhouse.

I set up our SQL DB (Roughly 20gb in size,) in FULL recovery mode with a nightly FULL backup that occurs every weekday at 4:30AM. This task checks integrity, reorganizes index, updates statistics, history cleanup, backup the full db, shrinks the db, and then maintenance clean up.

I then set another subplan for Transaction Logs. This backs up the Transaction Log every 3 hours during business hours (8am, 11am, 2pm, 5pm), also during weekdays. There are not that many transactions that occur really; in the years I’ve been here the actual DB has increased less than a gb.

The .LDF file for the server exploded over night on Saturday and with no monitoring or warning, the server is now at capacity. This had been running fine from the looks of the data usage report (and random eyeballing) for months. It looks like shortly after the backup started, at 4:36AM, the transaction log file kept growing to the point where it is sitting at 90gb, with a whopping 5MB free on the drive.

My initial thought was to move one of the older db backups off the server to alleviate space constraints; This worked for a few minutes before the .LDF file gobbled that up also.

Is the only real option I had to switch the DB to SIMPLE, shrink the transaction log, and then swap to FULL, take a backup, and resume where I left off? I attempted to do a compressed transaction log backup to the other drive on the machine and it still would not allow me to do a DBCC SHRINKFILE. It errored out saying the transaction log for the DB is full due to ‘log_backup’. I attempted three transaction log backups and trying the DBCC SHRINKFILE each time.

In my testing environment the FULL->SIMPLE->FULL method seemed to work, but I am unsure why, or how this happened to begin with. Am I missing something? I realize that this method is not ideal since it can break the log chain..


Looking for alternative to RSYNC.NET – offsite backup


I use the service in the last years, but in the last 6 months the up/down speed is very bad. I’m talking about kb/sec, i… | Read the rest of

linux – Debian – How to create an image file .img of your current system as a backup

I am new to Linux Embedded, and I am now trying to make sure I back up my system before making changes. I intend to use dd if=/dev/sdX of=/destinationPath/backup.img to create the image file and save it to my 16GB sd card, so if something goes wrong, I can just reboot my device using the backup.img file.

My question is how to determine which partition should I use as the input sdX in the command line dd dd if=/dev/sdX of=/destinationPath/backup.img. Specifically, this is my system:

root@fun-shrimp:~# lsblk
mmcblk0      179:0    0  7.3G  0 disk
├─mmcblk0p1  179:1    0  128M  0 part /boot
├─mmcblk0p2  179:2    0    1M  0 part
├─mmcblk0p3  179:3    0    2G  0 part /home
└─mmcblk0p4  179:4    0  5.1G  0 part /
mmcblk0boot0 179:32   0    4M  1 disk
mmcblk0boot1 179:64   0    4M  1 disk
mmcblk0rpmb  179:96   0    4M  0 disk
mmcblk1      179:128  0 14.9G  0 disk  <------ My 16GB SD card
└─mmcblk1p1  179:129  0 14.9G  0 part

Also, is there anything I should be aware of when doing this?

backup – What are the good practices of backing up of ROM’s using TWRP if I change ROM’s often

Without getting into specifics of which ROM you are currently using and which one you want to flash, TWRP isn’t a good idea. Reasons :

  • TWRP is used to make a nandroid image and as you can see from the nandroid tag wiki help, you may run into serious issues if the directory structure of the ROM is different (read the linked page for details).

  • What may be a user app in one ROM, may well be a system app (having elevated privileges) and this may cause trouble.

  • Google dependencies : You may be running Gapps on Lineage and this may not be possible in other ROMs.

  • I am not familiar with Ubuntu but I doubt you would be able to run most user apps from LineageOS on that.

There would be more reasons, but these occurred to me on reading your question. You are better off making individual backups of apps using titanium-backup and restoring these as per your need.

Recently, I was doing some research on backup apps since Titanium failed for me on Android 11,and I came across this app, specifically designed for frequent ROM flashers and this may fit your need better. See Migrate-custom migration tool

Move apps, data, contacts, SMS etc from one custom ROM to another.

Interestingly, it claims to restore app permissions too. XDA thread here and Telegram here. You need TWRP to use this app.

I haven’t tried this app (don’t need it) nor am I affiliated with it.

postgresql – Restoring a backup gives “Failed exit code 1”

I’m migrating from Heroku’s Postgres to AWS RDS. I’ve generated a pg_backup.dump file from Heroku, installed Postgres on my local machine, launched PGAdmin, configure remote AWS server, and used the Tools > Restore feature to restore my database.

The process completed with failed (exit code: 1)

When I look throuh the progress window I see lots of errors like these:

pg_restore: creating SEQUENCE "public.auth_group_id_seq"
pg_restore: from TOC entry 203; 1259 24981038 SEQUENCE auth_group_id_seq uohhysqaagrjqj
pg_restore: error: could not execute query: ERROR:  role "xxxxx" does not exist
Command was: ALTER TABLE public.auth_group_id_seq OWNER TO xxxxx;

Browsing through my database I can see that everything has restored. Anything to worry about? Looks like the role name is different in the RDS database and that’s all?