dnd 5e – Can the area of the additional spell effect of Druid Grove extend outside the area of Druid Grove?

The spike growth effect must be within the druid grove area; it’s unclear whether it must be entirely within the area

The druid grove spell includes a few potentially helpful lines (emphasis mine):

(…) The area can be as small as a 30-foot cube or as large as a 90-foot cube. (…)

(…) The spell creates the following effects within the area. (…)

(…) A dispel magic cast on the area, if successful, removes only one of the following effects, not the entire area. (…)

(…) You can place your choice of one of the following magical effects within the warded area: (…)

From the first quote we can conclude that “the area” refers to the actual grove itself not the various effects of the spell. Thus we know that the effects (including the additional spell effects) are created within the area. We also know from the fourth quote that these effects are placed within the area. What we do not know is whether “the effect” means the point-of-origin or the entire effect. I could see a GM using either interpretation.

My own personal thoughts

If I tell you to put a book on the table and you have the book teetering off the edge, I will smile, say “really?”, and move the book to be actually on the table.

While the spike growth might be inside the druid grove it also goes outside the grove. It would be meeting a technical requirement because the spell did not include the word “entirely” but I wouldn’t allow it to be placed in such a way.

PHP Swagger – path at area level

How do I specify paths at the area level?

Currently I have this:

paths:
      /internal_api/token/refresh:
        post:
          tags:
            - Auth
...
areas:
      default:
          path_patterns: 
              - ^/api(?!/doc$)(?!/doc/)(?!/.+/audit/) 
      internal:
          path_patterns: 
              - ^/internal_api(?!/doc$)(?!/.+/audit/) 

I don’t want the refresh token path appear for public api docs.
Tried to move path under area but it didn’t work.

I tried moved a path under area but got an error.

calculus and analysis – How to use MMA to calculate the double integral of the integral area related to the parameter

I know that the Integrate function of MMA can compute double integrals.

Integrate[x*y, {x, y} ∈ Disk[]]

Now I want to use MMA to calculate the result of this integral:

$$iint_{x+y<=z}{xy}mathrm{d}x mathrm{d}y$$

reg = ImplicitRegion[x + y <= z, {x, y}];
Integrate[x*y, {x, y} ∈ reg]

But the integral area of this double integral is related to the parameter z, so the result of this double integral is related to the parameter z. I want to know how to use MMA to calculate this type of double integral.

website design – What is this area called in UI/UX?

This part is called a “Card”.
It is used to as a compound for multiple elements that belong to one display or meaning.

Design parts are usually UI terms. UI is the User Interface while UX is the User Experience.

UI is visual, UX is theoreitcal meaning behind the UI.

To find out more about “Cards” feel free to check out more here:

Here are some Design Systems that use UI Cards:

usa – Is there a route that would allow travel to the US from the UK or Schengen area, given the US travel ban?

Given that Canada allows transit and has flight to Europe and Mexico, you can do Europe-Canada-Mexico-14 days-USA, assuming no additional restriction is imposed in coming days (not a safe assumption, so only do this is absolutely urgent and necessary).

The Canadian Embassy in Switzerland suggested to Canadian citizens in Switzerland there are still flights operating from London Heathrow or Frankfurt by Air Canada.

UK has no current restrictions for European passengers transiting. But Germany may deny entry (at land borders, at least). Transiting to home countries is allowed by Germany but I’m not sure if this kind of itinerary will be accepted by the border.

The flights to Toronto (YYZ) offer the possibility of airside transfer if the terminal is the same and baggage is checked through. You can check if a pair of flights is compatible at https://www.torontopearson.com/en/connections. Overnight connections may require you to pick up your baggage.


Transit passengers

The Orders exempt foreign nationals in transit through Canada to another country. Given the interplay between the interim order under the Aeronautics Act and related emergency orders under the Quarantine Act, the airport of arrival into Canada must have the facilities to permit the foreign national to connect to their destination without the foreign national having to present themselves for examination to enter Canada.


Canada has a mandatory mask requirement for air passengers. You will be refused boarding without appropriate face coverings.

If you are planning to return to Canada, please note the new Transport
Canada’s requirement:

Since 20 April, Transport Canada will require air operators to verify
that all travellers have a removable cloth face covering available for
use during their trip, even if the travellers are not showing any
symptoms. When travelling by air, you will be asked to cover your
mouth and nose where possible, and must do so when a two-metre
distance between you and others cannot be observed. At a minimum,

  • at airport screening checkpoints, where the screeners cannot always keep two metres of separation from you;
  • when you cannot physically distance from others, or as directed by the airline employees; and
  • when directed to do so by a public health order or Public Health official.

If you do not have one available for your trip, the air operator will
be required to deny you entry into the sterile area, or boarding on
the aircraft.

It is your responsibility to bring the required cloth face covering to
the airport. You will not be provided with one if you do not have one.
Consular officials from the government of Canada will not be in a
position to provide masks either.

How to make simple cloth face coverings

There are many online resources available with information on how to
make simple cloth face coverings. The Public Health Agency of Canada’s
website
(https://www.canada.ca/en/public-health/services/diseases/2019-novel-coronavirus-infection/prevention-risks/instructions-sew-no-sew-cloth-face-covering.html) provides suggestions for simple “do it yourself” cloth
covers that can be easily made from inexpensive materials found at
home, or even while travelling. In general, though:

choose fabric that can be laundered without damage;
– include multiple layers of fabric;
– allow for breathing without restriction; and
– think about having more than one for each traveller, so it can be replaced if damp or soiled.

Cloth coverings should fit snugly but comfortably against the side of
your face, be secured with ties or ear loops and cover your face and
nose. It should be easy to put on and take off when necessary (e.g.,
identity verification check).

Exceptions

Cloth face coverings should not be worn by:

  • children under the age of two;
  • anyone who has trouble breathing; or
  • anyone who is unconscious, incapacitated or otherwise unable to remove the mask without assistance.

Also note that you may be asked to remove your face covering for the
purpose of identity verification at the boarding gate and the
customs-controlled area when you arrive at the Canadian airport or
when asked to do so by Canada Border Services Agency officers or
public health officials.

You are encouraged to use hand sanitizer before removing and after
replacing your face covering.

Check our advice for travellers arriving in Canada at
https://www.canada.ca/Coronavirus (restrictions and exemptions, mandatory
face covering and self-isolation).

Frankfurt (Hessen) requires face-nose covering.

Please note that since April 27, 2020, masks have been required all over Hessen in local public transport vehicles and in the public areas of shops, banks and post offices. This regulation also applies to the bus shuttle and SkyLine, as well as shops at Frankfurt Airport.
– https://www.frankfurt-airport.com/en/news/information-on-the-coronavirus.html

usa – Is there a route that would allow travel to the US from the UK or Schengen area, given the US travel ban?

Given that Canada allows transit and has flight to Europe and Mexico, you can do Europe-Canada-Mexico-14 days-USA, assuming no additional restriction is imposed in coming days (not a safe assumption, so only do this is absolutely urgent and necessary).

The Canadian Embassy in Switzerland suggested to Canadian citizens in Switzerland there are still flights operating from London Heathrow or Frankfurt by Air Canada.

UK has no current restrictions for European passengers transiting. But Germany may deny entry (at land borders, at least). Transiting to home countries is allowed by Germany but I’m not sure if this kind of itinerary will be accepted by the border.

The flights to Toronto (YYZ) offer the possibility of airside transfer if the terminal is the same and baggage is checked through. You can check if a pair of flights is compatible at https://www.torontopearson.com/en/connections. Overnight connections may require you to pick up your baggage.


Transit passengers

The Orders exempt foreign nationals in transit through Canada to another country. Given the interplay between the interim order under the Aeronautics Act and related emergency orders under the Quarantine Act, the airport of arrival into Canada must have the facilities to permit the foreign national to connect to their destination without the foreign national having to present themselves for examination to enter Canada.


Canada has a mandatory mask requirement for air passengers. You will be refused boarding without appropriate face coverings.

If you are planning to return to Canada, please note the new Transport
Canada’s requirement:

Since 20 April, Transport Canada will require air operators to verify
that all travellers have a removable cloth face covering available for
use during their trip, even if the travellers are not showing any
symptoms. When travelling by air, you will be asked to cover your
mouth and nose where possible, and must do so when a two-metre
distance between you and others cannot be observed. At a minimum,

  • at airport screening checkpoints, where the screeners cannot always keep two metres of separation from you;
  • when you cannot physically distance from others, or as directed by the airline employees; and
  • when directed to do so by a public health order or Public Health official.

If you do not have one available for your trip, the air operator will
be required to deny you entry into the sterile area, or boarding on
the aircraft.

It is your responsibility to bring the required cloth face covering to
the airport. You will not be provided with one if you do not have one.
Consular officials from the government of Canada will not be in a
position to provide masks either.

How to make simple cloth face coverings

There are many online resources available with information on how to
make simple cloth face coverings. The Public Health Agency of Canada’s
website
(https://www.canada.ca/en/public-health/services/diseases/2019-novel-coronavirus-infection/prevention-risks/instructions-sew-no-sew-cloth-face-covering.html) provides suggestions for simple “do it yourself” cloth
covers that can be easily made from inexpensive materials found at
home, or even while travelling. In general, though:

choose fabric that can be laundered without damage;
– include multiple layers of fabric;
– allow for breathing without restriction; and
– think about having more than one for each traveller, so it can be replaced if damp or soiled.

Cloth coverings should fit snugly but comfortably against the side of
your face, be secured with ties or ear loops and cover your face and
nose. It should be easy to put on and take off when necessary (e.g.,
identity verification check).

Exceptions

Cloth face coverings should not be worn by:

  • children under the age of two;
  • anyone who has trouble breathing; or
  • anyone who is unconscious, incapacitated or otherwise unable to remove the mask without assistance.

Also note that you may be asked to remove your face covering for the
purpose of identity verification at the boarding gate and the
customs-controlled area when you arrive at the Canadian airport or
when asked to do so by Canada Border Services Agency officers or
public health officials.

You are encouraged to use hand sanitizer before removing and after
replacing your face covering.

Check our advice for travellers arriving in Canada at
https://www.canada.ca/Coronavirus (restrictions and exemptions, mandatory
face covering and self-isolation).

Frankfurt (Hessen) requires face-nose covering.

Please note that since April 27, 2020, masks have been required all over Hessen in local public transport vehicles and in the public areas of shops, banks and post offices. This regulation also applies to the bus shuttle and SkyLine, as well as shops at Frankfurt Airport.
– https://www.frankfurt-airport.com/en/news/information-on-the-coronavirus.html

eu – Travel for UK Residents to the Schengen Area

During the COVID crisis, all UK nationals are allowed to travel to the EU. I am a South African national with long term residence in the UK and would normally require a Schengen visa to travel to Europe. Although the European Commission says that 3rd country nationals who are resident in EU member states (and the UK) are exempt from the travel restrictions, they do not mention how we are meant to obtain a Schengen visa as applications are currently closed, or if we need one at all.

The rules seem to fail to account for EU residents who would ordinarily need a Schengen visa to travel Europe. To compound my confusion the EU has decided today to open its borders to several countries such as Rwanda, Algeria, and Morocco whose citizens require Schengen visas to enter.

Does anyone have any advice/official sources that can help clarify this issue?

computational geometry – Scaling down a set of points into a smaller area

A visibility graph $G(P) = (V,E)$ of a set $P = {p_1, dots, p_n}$ of points is defined as follows.

  • Each vertex $u in V$ corresponds to a point $p_u in P$.
  • There exists an edge $uv in E$ if, and only if the line segment $overline{p_up_v}$ does not contain any other points in $P$.

Assume that the coordinates of every $p_i in P$ has $O(n^c)$ digits, where $c$ is a constant.

My aim is to scale the point set, without changing the relative positions, into a smaller area.
For the sake of simplicity, assume that the area is a circle of raduis 1.

Consider three points: $p_1(100, 340)$, $p_2(500,150)$, $p_3(240, -600)$.

The new coordinates after scaling would be $p’_1(0.1, 0.34)$, $p’_2(0.5, 0.15)$, $p’_3(0.24, -0.6)$, and the relative positions stay the same, as well as the visibility relations.

My question is two folded:

  1. In the very simple example above, the coordiantes are divided by $100$, and it is pretty easy to find that number. But what is the algorithm to find this number for any given point set?
  2. Assuming that the coordinates are of $O(n^c)$ length, can there be a coordinate of $O(d^n)$ (exponential) length?

Need to delete the sidebar widget area and have the page a full page rather than just have a blank widget area

A recent post on how to remove the archives and meta from the sidebar answered a question I had and I was successful to have the left side of the page blank. The post was at Can not Remove Archives and Meta from Sidebar.

But, while it left the sidebar area void of text, I need the sidebar area to be deleted so it’s a full page. I have some pricing tables that I want to be the only thing on the page but due to the template in WorkScout, the pricing tables are on the right side of the page leaving a lot of white space on the left side where the widgets were. I have tried configuring the page to be “full page using Elementor” which has worked in the past for other needs, but, it is not creating the full page I need for this pricing table page.

Am I missing a step or is this not possible? How can I delete the old widget area and have it full page.

I am new to WordPress so I appreciate the help and will appreciate step by step instructions.
Thank you in advance!

dnd 5e – Does the Hallow spell remove an existing charm/fear/possession effect from creatures that are already in its area when the spell is cast?

Part of the description of the hallow spell includes the following effect (emphasis mine):

First, celestials, elementals, fey, fiends, and undead can’t enter the area, nor can such creatures charm, frighten, or possess creatures within it. Any creature charmed, frightened, or possessed by such a creature is no longer charmed, frightened, or possessed upon entering the area. You can exclude one or more of those types of creatures from this effect.

Say a creature is already charmed, frightened, or possessed by a listed creature type, and then the hallow spell is cast on an area that includes the creature. Is the charm/fear/possession effect ended, suspended, or unchanged when the spell is cast?

In other words, is casting this spell on the area such a creature is in enough to end one of these effects? Or must the creature leave and reenter the spell’s area to achieve this?