security – Is Google Voice susceptible to hacking like regular MMS or Whatsapp messages?

I have been using Google voice in a public facing way so as to reduce the chance of receiving malware messages over SMS/MMS or Whatsapp.

But is it just as susceptible for someone to be able to sneak something in over a GVoice MMS or SMS?

I am worried because I received a photo from an unsolicited phone. Is there a chance that having clicked on that photo (which just enlarged and presented information about itself) compromised my phone? For context: