google – Does the duplication of the same page cause an SEO penalty?

We have a car website with a product page for each of the bicycles / cars available in the Indian market. The product page has a product description and different slugs to show other relevant products, that is,

1) Bicycles / similar cars in that budget
2) Bicycles / cars related to the bicycle / customer you are currently watching.
3) Bicycles / similar cars with better mileage.

There are cases in which the same car / bike comes in the previous 3 categories and we end up putting 3 links from this product page to another product page.

Does that hurt the SEO, that is, a page that links to another page several times? If so, how can we avoid this?

In addition, Category 2 is a subset of Category 1. We still have to have two different slugs, since Category 2, that is, the sponsored content appears on the top, while the other 2 categories are relatively low on the page.

Do such duplicate links hurt SEO? If yes, can you put a do not follow tag on sponsored product links to avoid this SEO fine?