Bitcoin Core disables
-O2 and enable
--enable-debug It is established.
-Og it is intended for purification; however, it removes some of the debug information and has errors. To disable it and improve the debugging experience, I suggest switching between L256 and L278 to:
CXXFLAGS = "- ggdb3 -ftrapv"
-ggdb3 it is more powerful than
-g3, uses a dialect only of GDB, incompatible with LLDB for debugging. This will also get rid of
-O2, except in libsecp256k1.
Edition: Sipa suggests a more elegant way without altering the autoconf files, which is to add arguments for the configuration.
./configure CXXFLAGS = "- O0 -ggdb3"
O0 is necessary in this case.